Call 24/7 - Orlando






Florida Family Law: Explaining Child Dependency Proceedings

child support agreement
child support agreement

Child dependency proceedings in Florida are legal processes that aim to ensure the safety and well-being of children who have been abused, neglected, or abandoned. These proceedings are governed by the Florida Dependency Act and are initiated when concerns arise regarding a child’s welfare. In this blog post, we will provide an overview of child dependency proceedings in Florida, including the reasons for initiation, the steps involved, and the key parties involved in the process.


Reasons for Initiating Child Dependency Proceedings:

Child dependency proceedings may be initiated when there are allegations or concerns regarding:

  • Abuse: Physical, emotional, or sexual abuse inflicted upon a child by a parent, guardian, or caregiver.
  • Neglect: Failure to provide adequate care, supervision, or basic necessities for a child, such as food, shelter, clothing, or medical attention.
  • Abandonment: Desertion of a child by a parent or guardian without adequate provision for their care.
  • Substance abuse: A parent or caregiver’s substance abuse issues that significantly impact their ability to care for the child.
  • Domestic violence: Exposure of the child to domestic violence or an unsafe environment due to ongoing violence within the household.


Initiation of Child Dependency Proceedings:

Child dependency proceedings in Florida typically begin when a concerned individual, such as a family member, neighbor, teacher, or healthcare professional, reports suspected abuse, neglect, or abandonment to the Florida Department of Children and Families (DCF). The DCF conducts an investigation to assess the child’s safety and well-being.


Emergency Removal and Shelter Hearing:

If the child is deemed to be in immediate danger or at risk, the court may issue an order for emergency removal, placing the child in protective custody. A shelter hearing is then held within 24 hours to determine whether the child should remain in protective custody or be returned to the parent’s care during the ongoing proceedings.


Adjudicatory Hearing:

The next step is the adjudicatory hearing, also known as the fact-finding hearing. During this hearing, evidence is presented to determine whether the child has been abused, neglected, or abandoned. The court evaluates the evidence and determines whether the allegations are substantiated.


Disposition Hearing:

Following the adjudicatory hearing, a disposition hearing is held to determine the appropriate course of action for the child’s welfare. The court considers the child’s best interests when deciding whether the child should be placed in the care of a relative, foster care, or other suitable arrangements. The court may also order services, such as counseling or parenting classes, to address the underlying issues and facilitate reunification if possible.


Case Plan and Case Management:

As part of the dependency proceedings, a case plan is developed to outline the specific goals and tasks necessary for the parents or caregivers to regain custody of the child. The case plan may include requirements such as attending therapy, completing substance abuse treatment programs, or securing stable housing and employment. A case manager is appointed to oversee the progress of the case plan and provide support to the parents or caregivers.


Permanency Planning and Review Hearings:

Permanency planning hearings are held to review the progress of the case plan and determine the most appropriate long-term plan for the child’s care. The court explores options for permanency, which may include reunification with the parents, adoption, or placement with a relative. Regular review hearings are scheduled to assess the child’s safety, well-being, and the progress made toward achieving permanency.


Legal Representation and Key Parties:

In child dependency proceedings, the child and the parents or caregivers are entitled to legal representation. The court appoints an attorney for the child, known as a guardian ad litem, to advocate for the child’s best interests. The parents or caregivers may have their own attorneys, or the court may appoint an attorney if they cannot afford one. Additionally, the DCF and case managers are involved in the proceedings, providing assessments, reports, and recommendations to the court.



Child dependency proceedings in Florida are complex legal processes aimed at protecting children who are at risk of abuse, neglect, or abandonment. These proceedings prioritize the child’s safety and well-being while providing opportunities for parents or caregivers to address the issues that led to the initiation of the proceedings. Through a series of hearings, evaluations, and case management, the court strives to determine the most appropriate course of action and achieve permanency for the child in a safe and nurturing environment. Legal representation and the involvement of key parties, such as the guardian ad litem and case managers, play essential roles in ensuring the child’s rights and welfare are upheld throughout the process.