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What is Mediation in Family Law, and When is it Required in Florida?

divorce in Florida
divorce in Florida

Mediation is a widely used method of alternative dispute resolution in family law cases. It provides an opportunity for parties to resolve their issues outside of the courtroom, with the assistance of a neutral third party known as a mediator. Mediation can be an effective and cost-efficient way to reach agreements on various family law matters. In this blog post, we will explore what mediation entails in family law cases and when it is required in Florida.


Understanding Mediation in Family Law:

Mediation is a voluntary process in which parties involved in a family law dispute come together with a mediator to negotiate and find mutually acceptable resolutions. The mediator acts as a facilitator, helping the parties communicate effectively, explore options, and work towards reaching an agreement. Unlike a judge, the mediator does not make decisions or impose solutions but assists in facilitating dialogue and finding common ground.


The Role of the Mediator:

The mediator is a neutral and impartial third party who helps guide the mediation process. They are trained in conflict resolution techniques and have knowledge of family law issues. The mediator’s role is to foster communication, ensure each party’s concerns are heard, and assist in generating creative solutions that meet the parties’ needs and interests. While the mediator may offer suggestions or legal information, they do not provide legal advice.


Benefits of Mediation:

Mediation offers several benefits in family law cases, including:


  • Confidentiality: Mediation proceedings are generally confidential, allowing parties to have open and honest discussions without fear of their statements being used against them in court.
  • Control and Ownership: Parties have more control over the outcome and can actively participate in crafting solutions that work for their specific situation. This sense of ownership often leads to more satisfying and sustainable agreements.
  • Cost-Effectiveness: Mediation is typically less expensive than traditional litigation, as it can save parties from costly and protracted court battles.
  • Preservation of Relationships: Mediation encourages cooperation and communication, helping to preserve relationships, particularly when children are involved. This cooperative approach sets a positive tone for future interactions between the parties.


Mediation Requirements in Florida:

Mediation is required in many family law cases in Florida before proceeding to trial. The Florida Family Law Rules of Procedure mandate mediation for disputes involving child custody, visitation, and time-sharing, as well as the division of marital assets and liabilities. The purpose of mandatory mediation is to encourage parties to resolve their issues amicably and reduce the burden on the court system.


Exceptions to Mandatory Mediation:

While mediation is generally required, certain circumstances may exempt parties from participating in mediation. These exceptions include cases involving domestic violence, child abuse, or other situations where mediation may not be appropriate or safe. The court will consider such factors when determining if mediation is suitable for the case.


Selecting a Mediator:

In Florida, mediators must be certified by the Florida Supreme Court and meet specific training and experience requirements. Parties can choose their mediator or request the court to appoint one. It is advisable to select a mediator with experience in family law and a reputation for neutrality and fairness.



Mediation is a valuable tool in family law cases, promoting cooperation and facilitating the resolution of disputes outside of the courtroom. It offers parties the opportunity to find mutually agreeable solutions while preserving relationships and minimizing the financial and emotional costs associated with litigation. In Florida, mandatory mediation requirements underscore the importance of alternative dispute resolution in family law matters. By embracing mediation, parties can work towards resolving their issues in a constructive and collaborative manner, ultimately achieving outcomes that meet their unique needs and the best interests of those involved.